Brachycephaly

Positional brachycephaly is a cranial deformity consisting of a more or less symmetrical flattening of the entire back of the head .

It is usually seen in well-lived infants who sleep a lot and almost always face up.

A baby is considered to have brachycephaly when the width (distance from ear to ear) of its skull exceeds 81% of its length (front to back).

The head of these babies is shorter than normal, and to compensate, it can be wider when viewed from the front or taller when viewed from the side.

In some cases the cranial index is very high, between 90 and 100, which gives rise to a practically square head.

The following features are characteristic of brachycephaly :

Head shape with brachycephaly

TOP VIEW

  • The head is wider than long
  • The back of the head is flatter than curved

Head shape with brachycephaly

Profile view

  • The head is shorter in front than behind; that is high in the back
  • Flat head rear

Head shape with brachycephaly

FRONT VIEW

  • The face looks small compared to the head
  • the head is wide
  • The widest part is just above the ears
  • The tops of the ears stick out

Head shape with brachycephaly

BOTTOM VIEW

  • the head is wide
  • The widest part of the head is just above the ears
  • The forehead is flat, not rounded
degrees of brachycephaly

If you want to know more about how to identify if your baby has brachycephaly, plagiocephaly, or scaphocephaly, this guide will help you distinguish the main distinguishing features of these cranial deformities.

Positional brachycephaly is a cranial deformity consisting of a more or less symmetrical flattening of the entire back of the head .

It is usually seen in well-lived infants who sleep a lot and almost always face up.

A baby is considered to have brachycephaly when the width (distance from ear to ear) of its skull exceeds 81% of its length (front to back).

The head of these babies is shorter than normal, and to compensate, it can be wider when viewed from the front or taller when viewed from the side.

In some cases the cranial index is very high, between 90 and 100, which gives rise to a practically square head.

braquicefalia
Orthopedic Helmet for Brachycephaly DOC Band®

Infants with brachycephaly are often hypotonic and have  engine delay.

In case of doubt, go to a specialist in childhood cranial deformities, who will diagnose and propose the most appropriate treatment for your baby.

The baby’s age and the index of deformity will mark the best solution to correct brachycephaly, whether with repositioning techniques (cushion, side sleeping, tummy time…) or the use of an orthopedic band is recommended.

 DOC Band®  is a dynamic cranial orthopedic band that was launched internationally  in 1986 and with it more than 300,000 cases of brachycephaly and other cranial deformities have been successfully treated

Babies who always sleep on their backs are more likely to have brachycephaly.

Up to 5 months, repositioning (sleeping on your side) helps in treatment.

From the 6th month and in severe cases, the DOC BAND orthopedic band is the most effective solution.

Results of brachycephaly treatment with the DOC Band® orthopedic helmet

Before (CI 101.01) and after (CI 90)
Before (97.79 CI) and after (87.40 CI) 2 months of treatment - 6 months of age
Before (CI 100.69) and after (CI 90.50) - 9 months old
Before and after 2 months of treatment - 8 months of age
Before (CI 101.52) and after (CI 87.50) 2 months of treatment - 6 months old
Before (CI 107.63) and after (CI 93.33) 6 months of treatment - 6 months of age

Causes

We explain the causes of brachycephaly

Diagnosis

An expert or the parents can make the diagnosis.

Prevention

How to put the baby to sleep so that he does not have brachycephaly?